Sąžiningos prekybos galimybė. Į Lietuvą atkeliauja „Sąžiningos prekybos“ ženklas

Why is a European policy framework for Fair Trade needed?

Kas yra Sąžininga prekyba?

A European policy framework and support for Fair Trade are excellent tools to fulfil these commitments and to reach the Millennium Development Goals. The European Union's legal commitments are found in Art.

European consumers are increasingly interested in purchasing products that were produced and traded under fair conditions. However, this demand varies widely among EU Member States. Overall sales of Fair Trade in Europe have arrived at million euros in Fair Trade bananas reach market shares of up to 5.

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With a coherent EU-wide policy framework and sufficient support to Fair Trade and Fair Trade Organisations, consumer awareness and demand for Fair Trade could be boosted, particularly in those countries sąžiningos prekybos galimybė it sąžiningos prekybos galimybė not yet well established. A European framework, sketched out in a recommendation, could be helpful to avoid that legislation differs between Member States und thus hinders the free movement of goods within the European Union.

These standards have been developed over the last five decades by the international Fair Trade movement.

They are constantly being reviewed and assessed in cooperation with the producers who are at the heart of the Fair Trade system. Fair Trade Organisations are responsible for fulfilling these standards and the related criteria. The compliance with the standards is regularly monitored and assessed.

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Fair Trade Organisations actively work with other companies such as retailers and other commercial partners. In view of the success of Fair Trade and the lack of legal protection, there is a risk that the concept may be abused by companies that enter the market without complying with the related criteria.

Consumer rights and appropriate sąžiningos prekybos galimybė information are at the heart of Fair Trade and low-criteria labels might mislead consumers and reduce their support to the system.

sąžiningos prekybos galimybė

Another marketing route is through Fair Trade labelling initiatives and certification. In this case, goods are labelled by specialised Fair Trade certification agencies to testify that their production chains respect Fair Trade standards. The importers and traders can be traditional commercial companies, and the distribution channels can be regular retail outlets.

The integrated route Fair Sąžiningos prekybos galimybė products are made available to consumers through Fair Trade Organisations which identify and source products directly from small producers and co-operatives, and import and market them in specialised outlets such as Worldshops.

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All aspects of their commercial operations are based on a Fair Trade ethos, and as much of the final price as possible is passed back to the producers. In many cases profits generated are devoted to development causes.

Į Lietuvą atkeliauja „Sąžiningos prekybos“ ženklas

The majority of products marketed through Worldshops are not labelled as such; the purchase is done on the basis of confidence. The Fair Trade labelling route Under this route, national labelling initiatives monitor the compliance with Fair Trade standards by producers or traders against a set of internationally harmonized standards. The International Fairtrade Standards are developed and regularly reviewed and monitored independently.

The members are producers, exporters, importers and retailers who all believe that trade should improve the lives of marginalized people without harming the planet.

EFTA, the European Fair Trade Association, belongs to the international association along with its sąžiningos prekybos galimybė members in nine European countries, all major Fair trade importers.

The aim of EFTA is to support its member organizations in their work and to encourage them to cooperate and coordinate. The Network of European World Shops is also a member of the international association.

Between them they have a membership of Worldshops, run by more thanvolunteers and more than hundred staff, selling fairly traded products and campaigning for a fairer world trade system.

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In Decemberthese four networks have developed a joint definition of Fair Trade: Fair Trade definition Fair Trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers — especially in the South. Fair Trade organizations backed by consumers are engaged actively in supporting producers, awareness raising and in campaigning for changes in the rules and practice of international trade.

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Fair Trade Organisations monitor the impact of their activities regularly: IFAT requires all its member organisations to report their achievements in relation to Fair Trade standards every two years, and sets targets for further improvements. FLO carries out annual inspections of producers on its registers and audits trade flows.

Additionally, there is a series of independent impact studies, carried out by research centres, government bodies and universities.

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The financial and economic benefits of Fair Trade can be measured relatively easily: Inthe extra benefits for coffee farmers, for instance, taking sąžiningos prekybos galimybė World market price as defined for Arabica by the NY sąžiningos prekybos galimybė for Robusta by the London stock exchange, compared with the Fair trade minimum price and premium, amounted to over 23 million euros.

However, research has shown that the impact is even more significant in non-economic areas, such as the empowerment of producers through capacity building and technical assistance, income security, direct trade and credit provision, etc.

Many studies found also an improved level of education, the preservation of indigenous cultures and other social benefits.

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Apart from these direct impacts there is a wide range of spill-over effects and indirect impacts to non-Fair Trade producers. The presence of Fair Trade intermediaries can bring changes in weighing practices and price information which ultimately benefits all producers in the area.


The organisation of producers helps to break monopolies on prices and transportation. Over a million small-scale producers and workers are organized in as many as 3, grassroots organisations and their umbrella structures in over 50 countries in the South.

Their products are sold amibrokeris nustatė diagramos parinktis thousands of specialised shops, so-called Worldshops, supermarkets and many other sales points in the North and, increasingly, in sales outlets in developing countries.